Medvednica Mountain (north of Zagreb)— Medvednica Mountain (or “Bear Mountain” in Croatian) is covered with dense beech, oak, chestnut and fir forest and it certainly is favorite excursion destination for the Zagreb citizens and their guests. The mountain is criss-crossed by numerous paths and trails, less demanding ones that are fitted with benches and information boards. This mountain’s highest peak is Sljeme (1,035 meters high).The highlight of Medvednica Mountain is Medvedgrad Castle – originally built in the 13th century, only to be ruined by an earthquake during the 16th century. Since then, it has been largely restored. Below the castle’s main tower Oltar Domovine (Altar of the Homeland) – dedicated to the country’s soldiers that were killed during Croatia’s war of independence.